Breast Self-Examination (BSE)

Breast Self-Examination or self- diagnosis is an option for women starting in their 20s. Below are the techniques to perform BSE:

In the Shower

  • Fingers flat move gently over every part of each breast.
    • Use your right hand to examine left breast, left hand for the right breast.
    • Check for any lump, hard knot or thickening. Carefully observe any changes in your breasts.

In Front of Mirror

  • Stand in front of the mirror with both arms by your side and look closely at both of your breasts
  • Look for changes in size, color or texture (these may be signs of inflammatory Breast Cancer).
  • Look for any changes in the contour of each breast, a swelling or a dimpling of skin or changes in the nipple. Then rest a palm on hips and press firmly to flex your chest muscles. Left and right breasts will not exactly match – few women’s breasts do.

Lying Down

  • Place a pillow under right shoulder, right arm behind your head. With fingers of left hand flat, press right breast gently in small circular motions, moving vertically or in a circular pattern covering the entire breast
  • Pay attention to any change (lumps, bumpy texture. Tenderness)
  • Use light, medium and firm pressure. Gently press the nipple and check for discharge and changes in the nipple itself.
  • After you examine your breast, move to your underarm (lymph node area) and look for changes there.
  • Follow the same procedure on your left side.

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